ConceptualizingTawheed Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat (XII)

Monday 04-Mar-2019, 6:35AM / 79

Adaptation and Translation by Abul Aamaal Misbaah Olagunju


Bismillaah-ir-Rahmaan-ir-Raheem

Explanation of the Perfect Names and the Lofty Attributes

[34] AL-MUJĪB

Allah the exalted said:

فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ثُمَّ تُوبُوا إِلَيْهِ ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي قَرِيبٌ مُجِيبٌ
"then seek His forgiveness and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is Qarīb (Near), Mujīb (Responsive)." - Surah Hūd: 61

Al-Mujīb
He is the One who responds to the calls of those who call (on to Him) and grants the requests of those who ask accordingly to the dictates of His all encompassing knowledge and perfect Wisdom

Points from the Exemplary Principles:

Bin Al-Uthaymeen said in Qawā'id al-Muthlā: Principles regarding the attributes of Allah. 

The seventh principle: The attributes of Allah —the exalted— are Tawqifiyyah*, no station for intellectual deductions in them.

And we do not affirm any attribute for Allah —the exalted— except that which the Qur'an and Sunnah had established it's affirmation for Him.

Al-Imam Ahmad —Allah be merciful to him— said: "Do not describe Allah except with what He had described Himself with, or what His messenger —Allah raise his rank and grant him peace— described him with, don't traverse the Qur'an and Hadeeth."

*Tawqifiyyah: restricted and requiring divine proofs before speaking regarding them.


[35] AL-MUQĪT

Allah the exalted said:

وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُقِيتًا
"And Allah is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything." - Surah An-Nisaa: 85

Al-Muqīt
He is the One who creates the foods (you eat as sustenance) and the provisions (you make use of) then committed Himself to delivering them to His creation, and He is the One who guards over them (the food and the provisions) and who preserves the deeds of His slaves without any loss

Points from the Exemplary Principles:

Bin Al-Uthaymeen said in Qawā'id al-Muthlā: Principles regarding the attributes of Allah.

The seventh principle: The attributes of Allah —the exalted— are Tawqifiyyah, no station for intellectual deductions in them.

And the proofs from the book and the sunnah on the establishment of the attributes are in three (3) modes:

1) An outright declaration of the attribute (for him) : as it was the case for: Al-Izzah (honour), Al-Quwah (power), Ar-Rahmah (mercy), Al-Batsh (grip/seize), Al-Waj'u (face), Al-Yadayn (two hands) and the likes.

As for Al-Izzah, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

فَإِنَّ الْعِزَّةَ لِلَّهِ جَمِيعًا
"Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour" - An-Nisaa:139

As for Al-Quwah, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
"Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong" - Adh-Dhaariyah:58

As for Ar-Rahmah, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

وَرَبُّكَ الْغَفُورُ ذُو الرَّحْمَةِ
"And your Lord is Most Forgiving, Owner of Mercy" - Al-Kahf:58

As for Al-Batsh, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

إِنَّ بَطْشَ رَبِّكَ لَشَدِيدٌ
"Verily, (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) the Grip (Punishment) of your Lord is severe." - Al-Buruj:12

As for Al-Waj'u, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

وَيَبْقَىٰ وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ
"And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will abide forever." - Ar-Rahman:27

As for Al-Yadayn, as mentioned in His statement —the exalted—:

بَلْ يَدَاهُ مَبْسُوطَتَانِ يُنْفِقُ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ
"Nay, both His two Hands are widely outstretched. He spends (of His Bounty) as He wills." - Al-Maa'idah:64


[36] AL-HASĪB

Allah the exalted said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا
"Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things" - Surah An-Nisaa: 86

Al-Hasīb

He is the All-sufficient for the entirety of His slaves in the affairs which are weighty on them in their religion and their worldly lives, and for the Muslims is a greater share of His sufficiency. And He free of all blemish is the taker of account of whatever they perpetrate in the life of this world.


Points from the Exemplary Principles:

Bin Al-Uthaymeen said in Qawā'id al-Muthlā: Principles regarding the attributes of Allah

The seventh principle: The attributes of Allah —the exalted— are Tawqifiyyah, no station for intellectual deductions in them.

And the proofs from the book and the sunnah on the establishment of the attributes are in three (3) modes:

2) It's (the attribute) incorporation in (His) name, examples of these are; Al-Ghafur which embodies the attribute of Al-maghfirah (forgiveness), As-Samee' which embodies the attribute of as-sam'a (hearing), and the likes of these  (refer to the third principle regarding the perfect names).

We mentioned in the third principle regarding the perfect names that whenever the name imply a transitive description it will comprise three (3) affairs:

An established name for Allah

An established description for Him as contained in interpretation of the name.

An established ruling and requisites as indicated by the established name. 

Adapted and Translated from:
Aahkaamu Tahamul Muslim
Sharhu Qawaa'idul Muthlaa'