The Ruling on Beating Male and Female Pupils
Ash-Shaykh Saalih Fauzaan - may Allaah preserve him


Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

Said Ash-Shaykh ad-Duktoor Saalih bn Fauzaan al-Fauzaan – may Allaah the Mighty – preserve him: ‘Beating is a means from among the means of instilling [etiquette]; the Salaf used to make use of it, in fact the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded it. He said:

مُرُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ بِالصَّلَاةِ لسَبْعِ وَاضْرِبُوهُمْ عَلَيْهَا لعَشْرٍ

‘Command your wards regarding the Salaah when they are seven [years old], beat them over it when they are ten [years old].’ Allaah the Mighty and Most Sublime also commanded beating with respect to correcting (the rebellious) wives. He the Mighty said:

وَاللاتِي تَخَافُونَ نُشُوزَهُنَّ فَعِظُوهُنَّ وَاهْجُرُوهُنَّ فِي الْمَضَاجِعِ وَاضْرِبُوهُنَّ

“…as to those women on whose part You see ill­conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful)…” [Nisâ: 34].’

However the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

لَا يضرب فَوْقَ عَشْرَةِ أَسْوَاطٍ إِلَّا فِي حَدٍّ مِنْ حُدُودِ اللَّهِ

‘Beating should not be more than ten lashes except in a matter of Prescribed Punishments from Allaah.’

Therefore beating is one of the ways of upbringing. Thus the teacher can beat [his pupils] so also is the trainer. The person in-charge of affairs can also beat as a means of correction and deterrence. The husband can also beat his wife who is [exceedingly] rebellious. Those who decry beating and forbid from it saying it is a foul method have only come under the influence of western civilization whereby they transmit to us what they have imbibed from those people whom they learnt from. As for what has come from Allaah, the Mighty, His Messenger (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and the Salaf is that beating is effective. But beating should be with caution, not the type that tears the skin or breaks the bone; it should be resorted to when necessary.’ End of quote.

He – may Allaah preserve him – also said: ‘There is in the hadeeth the proof that beating is one of the means of imparting knowledge, there is also in it the rejection of the view of those who prevent it saying it is a foul method, rather it is a success-prone, religious and Islamic means, the Salaf made use of it and the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded of it. Allaah also commanded it in His Book; therefore it is a success-fetching means provided it is made use of in the manner the Sharee’ah has prescribed and where it has commanded it.’

Source: Ighaathatul-Mustafeed bi Shar’h Kitaab at-Tawheed, ar-Risaalah Foundation, pp.282 and 284]

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