Crushing the Claim That Every Act of Bidah Completely Takes Its Doer Out of Islam [Part Two]

Monday 19-Nov-2018, 9:22AM / 573

If you have not read Part One of this article please click HERE .

Does Every Misguidance Make One A Kaafir Completely Out of the Deen?

This is an important question, and of course, the nitty-gritty of this work. Does every act of Bidah which is misguidance take one out of the Deen? We are not aware of any reputable scholar of the Deen past and present who has said every act of Bidah, no matter what level it is, will take whoever is guilty of it out of the Deen.

Said the Rabbaanee Scholar Ash-Shaykh Fauzaan (may Allaah preserve his life) , but the sin of Bidah is of varying levels; according to the type of the Bidah itself. There are some innovated practices that are clear-cut acts of unbelief such as making circumambulations around the graves with the intention of seeking closeness to their inmates, so also making slaughters and vows for them, and seeking succor from them (and there are) some acts of Bidah that are means to Shirk such as erecting buildings over the graves as well as making prayers and supplications around them. And there are some acts of Bidah that are corruption of the creed such as the innovations of the Khawaarij, Qadariyyah and Murjiah and there are some that are just sins such as the idea of celibacy, fasting while standing in the sun, castrating oneself with the intention of removing all sexual drives. See al-Bidah: Tareefu-ha, Anwaau-ha wa Ahkaamu-ha p.7.

Ash-Shaykh Al-Uthaymen (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) was asked: How can a lover of Sunnah relate with a person of Bidah? Is it permissible to forsake him? The Shaykh answered: Innovations (in the Deen) can be divided into two: The innovation that makes a person Kaafir, and the one that is less than that; we must however call those who attribute themselves to Islam and that have these forms of Bidah whether they are guilty of innovations that take people out of the Deen or the ones that are less than that, to the truth. We should not attack them except when we see that they are arrogant to the truthso whenever we see obstinacy and arrogance in them we should explain their falsehood (to the people) [See: Al-Ibdaa Fee Bayaan Kamaal Ash-Shar Wa Khatar Al-Ibtidaa, p.37].

Even in the report of hadith, the scholars of hadith differentiate between people of Bidah who called to their innovations and those who did not call to it, as far as reporting Ahadith from them is concerned. They do not say everybody guilty of one Bidah or another should be thrown out of the Deen. For instance, while discussing the reasons that could make a reporter of hadith to be rejected, ash-Shaykh AbdulMuhsin al-Abbaad (may Allaah preserve his life) with the co-author of Min Atyab Al-Manh Fee Ilm al-Mustalah p.43, an introductory book to the study of hadith, said: Bidah is of two types: Mukaffirah; the one that makes his doer a Kaafir and this is in the form of when a person denies what the whole Ummah agree upon as being indisputably part of the Deen; the report of such a person will not be accepted. Mufassiqah; this makes its doer to become a sinner. His reports are acceptable so far he is not a caller to his Bidah, or reports what strengthens his Bidah. This is the view of the majority of the scholars and that is what is correct. That is with respect to accepting his hadith narrations, as for his Islam nobody says he becomes a Kaafir except of course, the Jabtawis of our country, Nigeria, and their ill-guided teachers outside.

Ibn Katheer (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) also alluded to this fact above in Ikhtisaar Uloom al-Hadith when he said: A person of Bidah who becomes a Kaafir due to his Bidah, there is no doubt as to the rejection of his reports, but if he does not become a Kaafir with it but legalizes lying, his reports will be rejected. But if he does not legalize lying, is it acceptable or not? Should there be a distinction as to if he calls to his Bidah or not? There is a great difference of views about that, old and present.

The difference of view, O reader, is as regard his reports not as regards his person, please pay attention, may Allh help me and you. Al-Imaam Ibn Katheer (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) continued, But the position of the majority of the scholars is as regard if he invites to his Bidah or not. There is a report from [Al-Imaam] Ash-Shaafiee about that [See Baaithul-Atheeth p.82]

And that is what Ash-Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin said as earlier quoted.

Commenting on the statement of Ibn Katheer (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) , al-Imaam Ahmad Shaakir (one of the greatest scholars of the hadith of this century, may Allh be merciful to him) said: The people of innovations and desires, if their innovations are such that will make them Kuffaar, their reports will not be accepted, that is what has been agreed uponas for those among them whose Bidah is not up to kufr level, some scholars do not accept their reports while others accept them. Not accepting their reports is an extremism that is devoid of daleel!

Al-Imaam Ibn Katheer also said: This is Al-Bukhaaree recording the hadith of Imraan bn Hittaan al-Khaarijee (see Taqreeb At-Tadheeb: 5152) who praised AbdurRahmaan bn Muljam, the killer of Alee; he was one of the greatest caller to his Bidah. Allh knows best. [See Baaithul-Atheeth p.84]

Al-Haafidh Adh-Dhahabee (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) said in Al-Meezaan (vol.1p.4) while giving the biography of Abaan bn Taghlib (see Taqreeb At-Tadheeb: 136) Al-Koofee, he is a Shiite to the skin but he is a sadooq, we shall take his sidq but upon him is his Bidah. It is also reported that al-Imaam Ahmad and others declared him as trustworthy.

Al-Imaam Ahmad Shaakir (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) went on quoting Al-Haafidh Adh-Dhahabee: Someone might ask: why is it possible to say a mubtadi is trustworthy while it is within the definition of trustworthiness that the person so declared is upright and certain (in his reports); so how can he be an upright person while he is a person of Bidah? Answer: Bidah is of two levels: minor Bidah such as the tashayyuu (traits of shiism) coupled with some extremism, or tashayyuu without extremism; the latter was very common in some Taabioon and those who followed them upon religion, wara and sidq; if we were to reject their Ahadith them a great number of the Ahadith of the Prophet (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam) would go, and that is clearly destructive. Then there is a major Bidah like the complete form of rafd (full-blown Shiism) and its attendant extremism

Al-Imaam Ash-Shaatibee (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) had said before the scholars of our time, that innovated acts are not upon the same basis, there are some of them that are sins that will not be regarded as Kufr; or some which scholars differ upon whether they are kufr or not such as the thoughts of the Khawaarij, Qadariyyah, al-Murjiah and the similar misguided sects. Yet there are some of the acts of innovations that are sins and there is an agreement among the scholars as not being Kufr such as the innovated practice of celibacy and fasting in the sun while standingso what is known is that these innovated practices are not upon the same level thus it is not correct to say they are upon the same level such as saying they are only all frown at or they are only prohibited therefore innovated acts are like sins and it is known that sins are of varying degrees so we should view acts of innovations in the same way [See: Al-Itisaam pp.382-383].

Innovated practices in the Deen once again are of various degrees only that all of them whether small or big are prohibited. Said Ash-Shaykh Al-Albaanee (may Allaah bestow mercy on him) : It should be known that acts of innovation in the Deen are not upon the same level; rather they are of varying degrees; some are acts of shirk and clear-cut kufr while some are less than that but we should know that a little act of Bidah a man comes up with in the Deen is prohibited after it might have become clear that it is Bidah. There is nothing as such in acts of Bidah that are merely reprehensible as some people think. What the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam) said is that all acts of Bidah is misguidance and every misguidance is in the Hell , that is, whoever comes with it [See Hajjatun-Nabee p.103 as cited in Qaamoos al-Bidah pp. 56-57].

Therefore no act of Bidah should be seen as being inconsequential because it is the little Bidah that leads to the mighty ones. Al-Imaam Al-Barbahaaree [d.329AH] said: Be wary of little innovated matters because these are what lead to mighty innovations... [Sharhus-Sunnah with its Commentary, p.37].

Is there anything like Bidah Hasanah (Good Innovation in the Deen)?

It is an error to divide innovations in the Deen to Good Innovations and Bad Innovations. What the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam) said was that every act of Bidah (in the Deen) is misguidance. The statement of Umar bn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that is often cited to justify the claim to Good Bidah has been severally explained by the scholars of the Deen as not applicable. The scholars say what Umar intended when he said What a good innovation! with respect to the Taraweeh Prayers that was re-introduced in his tenure, is just of a linguist effect because the act was traceable to the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam).

Also what some people used to say that establishment of Madaaris, authoring books, gathering of the Quraan, etc. are acts of innovations in the Deen because the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam) did not do them; that claim is also erroneous because those acts came to place while essentially they had been a part of the Deen right from the time of the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam). For example, Allh has said the Quraan is a Book therefore it is not far-fetched when the Companions eventually gathered it as a Book intended by Allh and His Messenger (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam), above all, the gathering of the Quraan was a Consensus od the Companions, and the Consensus is one of the secondary sources of the Islamic law. As for the Madaaris (Islamic schools), right from the time of the Messenger of Allh (salaLlaahu alahyi wa sallam) there had been teaching and learning of the Deen but in a form of school different from the subsequent forms of schools; what matters, in this case, is what is learnt and how it is learnt. Allh knows best.

Therefore, whoever exempts any act of innovation in the Deen, or says it is good, will have to cite a proof for it from the Book, Sunnah or the Consensus of reputable scholars of the Deen. Whoever innovates anything in the Deen to seek closeness to Allh, whether as a statement or an action such has indeed legislated in the Deen of Allh what is not part thereof. [See Al-Ibdaa Fee Madaar al-Ibtidaa of Ash-Shaykh Alee Mahfoodh, p.43].

Thus with the foregoing, we have been able to destroy, by the mercy of Allh the claim of the Jabtawis that all innovated practices are on equal footing such that they take one out of the Deen.

Last point: The only defence the Jabtawis will have against the above is that all what we have brought are explanations of the scholars of the Deen; they will never see the Verses of the Quraan neither the narrations from the Sunnah. They will say they are not obliged by the comments of the scholars; they will claim they will follow daleel and hujjah.

We will simply reply that this Deen of Islam is a religion that has scholars, everything that is learnt in Islam is through the scholars, and that is how it has been from the very first day of Islam. There is no space here to enumerate the virtues of the people of knowledge in Islam. But the fact remains that almost all the people of base desires always seek to first destroy the authority of the scholars of the Deen so that they will be able to come up with their falsehood.

We like to ask them, who is more worthy of listening to in the matters of the Deen especially the issue we have trashed here, Al-Albaanee, Fauzaan, al-Uthaymeen, AbdulMuhsin Al-Abbaad etc or Muhammad Awwal Jabata?

Please let us know your answer before we say how intelligent you are.

O Allh! Accept this work for Your Face Alone.

Insha Allh, the refutations will continue after some days. We shall not relent until the truth is vindicated.