Part Three (b): Jar'h Wa Ta'deel Is Ijithaad, and Ilzaam bí-Tabdee is by Ijmaa

Sunday 24-Sep-2023, 1:31AM / 546

Part Three (b) 

٥. وقال الشيخ أحمد بن يحي النجمي-رحمه الله- منكرا الإلزام : "أولا؛ فمن هو الذي ألزمناه بقولنا؟ وهل لنا سلطة على أحد حتى نلزمه بقولنا؟ 
ثانيا: أنا إذا رجحنا في المسائل المختلف فيها التي تكون الأدلة فيها شبه متكافئة، والاختلاف فيها سائغ نقول الحق فيما نرى كذا، وإن لم نقيد أحيانا، فالقيد هذا معتبر عندنا، ولا نلوم أحدا ذهب إلى غير ما ترجح لنا، ولا نلزمه بالرجوع إلى أقوالنا." ( الفتاوى الجلية: [ ص:٢٨٢] )

Shaykh Ahmad bn Yahya an-Najmee (1)- rahimahullah - said while berating the act of forcing opinions on others:

'Firstly whom have we forced to accept our statement?' Do we have the (government) power to force anyone to accept our statement? 

Secondly, whenever we rated a view as being more superior between a number of views that have difference of opinions (with scholars), views which have similar proofs for each, and which attract differences. We would rather say (instead of forcing others to accept) that what we feel as the truth (of this matter) is such-and-such. If we don't specify some other times, though we prefer to always specify, but we will never force anyone that has a different view from ours which we think to be more correct, we will never force him to return to our view.' al-Fatawa al-Jaliyyah p.282

٦.  الإمام الألباني - رحمه الله-: " ليس شرطا أبدا -: أن من كفر  شخصا وأقام عليه الحجة، أن يكون كل الناس معه في التكفير ؛ لأنه قد يكون هو متأولا في[ تكفيره] و يرى العالم الآخر أنه لا يجوز التكفير. كذلك التفسيق والتبديع...، فهذه الحقيقة من فتن العصر الحاضر. ومن تسرع بعض الشباب في ادعاء العلم.... المقصود أن هذا التسلسل أو هذا الإلزام هو الازم؟ أبدا.
هذا باب واسع قد يرى عالم أمرا واجبا، ويراه الآخر ليس كذلك.  وما اختلف العلماء من قبل ومن بعد، إلا لأن بعض الاجتهاد لا يلزم الآخرين بأن يأخذو برأيه، الذي يوجب عليه برأي الآخر إنما هو المقلد: الذي لا علم عنده، فهو الذي يجب عليه أن يقلد، أما من كان عالما: كالذي كفر أو فسق أو بدع، ولا يرى الآخر مثل رأيه فلا يلزمه أبدا أن يتابع ذلك العالم".     (سلسلة الهدى والنور ٧٧٨)

6. Al-Imaam Al-Albaani (2) - rahimahullah - said:

'It is never a condition that when a person says another person is a kaafir and he establishes the proofs against him, that everyone should go with him in his declaration (of kufr against the person). This is because he might have misconstrued his judgement (in declaring the fellow as a kaafir) whereas another scholar will opine that takfeer is not permissible in such a case, so also tafseeq (declaring a person as a sinner) or tabdee (declaring a person as an innovator)...This in reality is from the crises of the time, so also from the hastiness of some youths who claim to be knowledgeable...The point is that this sequence or forcing others is not acceptable, ever!

This matter is a wide one. A scholar can see a matter as being obligatory while another scholar is of different opinion. Scholars of old and present have differed on issues simply because there are some matters of Ijithaad that are not binding on others to accept his view. The only person that can (unquestionably) accept the view of another person is a muqallid - a person that possesses no knowledge, this is the person that must follow another person's view. As for a person of knowledge - like the one that declares the other person as a kaafir or a sinner or a deviant, and another scholar does not have the same view as his, it is never binding on him to follow the view of that scholar.' Silisilah Hudaa Wan-Noor: 778

Translator's Note:
(1) Shaykh Ahmad bn Yahya an-Najmee, Muftee of Jaazan region of Saudi Arabia, was born in 1928CE. A very knowledgeable scholar who learnt from a number of Saudi scholars such as Al-Allaamah Muhammad bn Ibraheem al-Muftee and Shaykh Abdulazeez bn Baz - may Allaah be merciful to both. Shaykh Yahya would later impact on Shaykh Rabee bn Umayr al-Madkhalee and Shaykh Saalih al-Usaymee, may Allaah preserve the duo on goodness. Shaykh Yahya died in 2008CE. May Allaah bestow mercy on him.

(2) He is Al-Allaamah Muhammad bn Naasiruddeen Al-Albaani of Albanian descent. He migrated with his father to Syria when atheism took over their land. He is the foremost scholar of hadeeth for the century. He made tremendous efforts in the service of Sunnah and in fighting blind allegiance to schools-of-thought and scholars. He has great hadeeth publications to his credit. He was born 1914CE and died 1999CE. May Allaah be merciful to him.

Watch out for the conclusion Inshaa Allaah.