Is Allah Qadeem (Old), Daaim (Lasting), Siteer (All-Concealler), etc?

Sunday 04-Nov-2018, 7:48AM / 228

Is Allh Qadm (Old), Dim (Lasting), Sitr (All-Concealler), Stir (Concealler) and Sattr (Ever Concealing)?

Is Allh Qadm (Old), Dim (Lasting), Sitr (All-Concealler), Stir (Concealler) and Sattr (Ever Concealing)?

Answer: All those are not established as being for Allh the Mighty and Majestic. As for Qadm and Dim, there is a weak hadth on both. Ibn Mjah reported it [2/1265] in the route of Abdul-Malik b. Muhammad As-Sana'ni, (he said:) Abu Al-Mundhir Zuhayr Muhammad narrated to us, he said Musa b. Uq'bah narrated to us, he said AbdurRahman Al-A'raj narrated to me from Abu Hurairah (may Allh be pleased with him) from the Messenger of Allh (Sallallhu alayhi wa sallam) who said:

'Indeed Allh has Ninety-Nine Names,'

Then the reporter mentioned the rest of the hadth which contained Al-Qadm and Ad-Dim. Abdul-Malik b. Muhammad is however weak. As for Zuhayr b. Muhammad, when the people of Shm report from him then his chain is weak; and this chain is one of those.

Ash-Shaukni mentioned the hadth in Tuhfatudh-Dhkireen (70) and said: 'Its chain is weak.'

For details with regard to routes of the hadth, one should see Al-Hshiyyah (Notes) on Al-As'm Wa As-Sift of Al-Bayhaq [1/22-26]; Al-Hshid wrote the Hshiyyah.

As for the statement of (Al-Imm) At-Tahwi in Al-Aqeedah At-Tahwiyyah (p.111): '(Allh is) Qadm (Old) without a beginning, Dim (Lasting) without an end,' Ibn Abi Al-Izz rejected his statement saying: 'Theologians have added Al-Qadm to Allh's Names the Mighty; it is not part of the Beautiful Names. Al-Qadm in the language of the Arabs with which He revealed the Qur'n is Al-Mutaqaddim ala ghayri-hi (the one before the other), such as it is said 'this is qadm (old)' for something that is ancient, and 'this is hadth (new)' for something that is novel. They never used qadm except for something that came before another not what has not been preceded by non-existence as Allh said:

"And the moon, we have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like Al-'Ur'jnul-Qadm (the old dried curved date stalk)." [Yaa-sin: 39].

Al-'Ur'jnul-Qadm is the type that remains till the other one comes, so when the new one comes, it will be said to the former one qadm (old).' Until he said: 'As for the introduction of Al-Qadm into Allh's Names the Mighty, it is what is popular with the people of scholastic theology. Many of the former (Salaf) and later (khalaf) scholars have decried that, among them was Ibn Hazm.' End of quote.

This Allh's Statement suffices from these two names:

"He is the First (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after Him), the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (Nothing is nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of everything." [Al-Hadd: 3].

And it is authentic in Sahh Muslim [4/2084] in the hadth of Abu Hurairah (may Allh be pleased with him) who said: 'The Messenger of Allh used to command us that whenever we wanted to sleep we should say: Allhumma anta Al-Awwal falaysa qablaka shay wa anta al-aakhir falaysa ba'daka shay ['O Allh You are the First there was nothing before You and You are the Last there is nothing after You']'

As for the name Sitr; Abu Dwud reported in his Sunan [2/436]: Abdullah Ibn Muhammad b. Nufayl narrated to us, he said Zuhayr narrated to us from Abdul-Malik b. Abi Sulayman Al-Ar'zamiyy from At from Ya'laa: That the Messenger of Allh (Sallallhu alayhi wa sallam) saw a man taking bath in an open place without a loin-cloth, then the Prophet (Sallallhu alayhi wa sallam) mounted the minbar (the pulpit), praised Allh and mentioned His Names and Attributes then said:

'Indeed Allh is Hayiyyun Sitr (Shy and Concealing), He loves modesty and covering; when any of you takes bath let him cover (himself).'

This hadth, with this chain, is broken.

Al-Mizz said in Tahdhb Al-Kaml, while mentioning those whom At b. Abi Rabbh reported from: 'Ya'l b. Umayyah, even if he is precise in memorizing things, what is correct is that there is Saf'wn b. Ya'l b. Umayyah between both.' End of quote.

So also is Stir and Sattr, they are not among His Names. But the Attribute of As-Satr (concealment) is established for Allh the Mighty and Majestic in the Sunnah, as it has come in Sahh Muslim from Abu Hurairah (may Allh be pleased with him) [that the Prophet (Sallallhu alayhi wa sallam) said]:

'Whoever conceals a Muslim (of his fault), Allh will conceal him on the Day of Resurrection.'

Names and Attributes of Allh are Tauqfiyyah (that is, they require proofs from the Shar'ah to establish them).

Adapted from: 'My sincere Advice to Women.'