Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
سلسلة علّمني ديني
By: Shaykh Muhammad bin Umar Bāzmūl –hafidhahullah–
Translations and Annotations by Misbaah Olagunju (Abu Aamaal)
 My Religion Taught Me:
My religion taught me that dream is a fraction from the forty six (46) fractions of prophethood, and that whoever interprets it will either be accurate or erring, and then muddle things up in an attempt to do that, it is as if it is hanging down a bird's wing, if it is given a correct exposition it will manifest according to the meaning read to its interpretation;
عَنْ وَكِيعِ بْنِ عُدُسٍ ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ أَبِي رَزِينٍ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : " الرُّؤْيَا عَلَى رِجْلِ طَائِرٍ مَا لَمْ تُعَبَّرْ، فَإِذَا عُبِّرَتْ وَقَعَتْ ". قَالَ : وَأَحْسِبُهُ قَالَ : " وَلَا تَقُصَّهَا إِلَّا عَلَى وَادٍّ أَوْ ذِي رَأْيٍ ".
Waki' bin 'Udus narrated from his uncle Abee Razin that he said:
"The Messenger of Allaah –Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace– said: "Dream is on the leg of a bird, as long as it is not spoken of. But when it is spoken of it drops." I think he said: "And it should not be discussed except with a beloved one or an intelligent one."" - [reported by Ahmad, Abee Daawud:5020, Tirmidhi and authenticated by Ibn Hibaan]
And the two Shaykhs (Bukhari and Muslim) reported from Ibn Abbaas –Allaah be pleased with him and his father–:
أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما: أَنَّ رَجُلاً أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي الْمَنَامِ ظُلَّةً تَنْطِفُ السَّمْنَ وَالْعَسَلَ، فَأَرَى النَّاسَ يَتَكَفَّفُونَ مِنْهَا فَالْمُسْتَكْثِرُ وَالْمُسْتَقِلُّ، وَإِذَا سَبَبٌ وَاصِلٌ مِنَ الأَرْضِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ، فَأَرَاكَ أَخَذْتَ بِهِ فَعَلَوْتَ، ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِهِ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَعَلاَ بِهِ، ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِهِ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَعَلاَ بِهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِهِ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَانْقَطَعَ ثُمَّ وُصِلَ. فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَاللَّهِ لَتَدَعَنِّي فَأَعْبُرَهَا. فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم اعْبُرْ . قَالَ أَمَّا الظُّلَّةُ فَالإِسْلاَمُ، وَأَمَّا الَّذِي يَنْطِفُ مِنَ الْعَسَلِ وَالسَّمْنِ فَالْقُرْآنُ حَلاَوَتُهُ تَنْطُفُ، فَالْمُسْتَكْثِرُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ وَالْمُسْتَقِلُّ، وَأَمَّا السَّبَبُ الْوَاصِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ فَالْحَقُّ الَّذِي أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِ تَأْخُذُ بِهِ فَيُعْلِيكَ اللَّهُ، ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ بِهِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَعْدِكَ فَيَعْلُو بِهِ، ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَيَعْلُو بِهِ، ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُهُ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَيَنْقَطِعُ بِهِ ثُمَّ يُوَصَّلُ لَهُ فَيَعْلُو بِهِ، فَأَخْبِرْنِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ أَصَبْتُ أَمْ أَخْطَأْتُ. قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَصَبْتَ بَعْضًا وَأَخْطَأْتَ بَعْضًا. قَالَ فَوَاللَّهِ لَتُحَدِّثَنِّي بِالَّذِي أَخْطَأْتُ. قَالَ لاَ تُقْسِمْ.
A man came to Allaah's Messenger and said, "I saw in a dream, a cloud having shade. Butter and honey were dropping from it and I saw the people gathering it in their hands, some gathering much and some a little. And behold, there was a rope extending from the earth to the sky, and I saw that you (the Prophet) held it and went up, and then another man held it and went up and (after that) another (third) held it and went up, and then after another (fourth) man held it, but it broke and then got connected again." Abu Bakr said, "O Allaah1's Messenger! Let my father be sacrificed for you! Allow me to interpret this dream." The Prophet said to him, "Interpret it." Abu Bakr said, "The cloud with shade symbolizes Islam, and the butter and honey dropping from it, symbolizes the Qur'an, its sweetness dropping and some people learning much of the Qur'an and some a little. The rope which is extended from the sky to the earth is the Truth which you (the Prophet) are following. You follow it and Allaah will raise you high with it, and then another man will follow it and will rise up with it and another person will follow it and then another man will follow it but it will break and then it will be connected for him and he will rise up with it. O Allaah's Messenger! Let my father be sacrificed for you! Am I right or wrong?" The Prophet replied, "You are right in some of it and wrong in some." Abu Bakr said, "O Allaah's Prophet! By Allaah, you must tell me in what I was wrong." The Prophet said, "Do not swear." - [Sahih al-Bukhari 7046]
Certainly in this report is a text alluding to the fact that some parts of the interpretation of a dream can be correct while others parts are not. If the meaning was that; dream manifests according to whatever interpretation is given to it by whoever interprets it, then there will be no benefit in his statement –Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace–; "You are right in some of it and wrong in some." Once again what is then the benefit in going to a dream interpreter if dream always manifest according to whatever interpretation given to it by whoever interprets it.
The Shaykh's statement here regarding dream being a section from the 46 sections of prophethood is in reference to true dreams (Ar-Ruuyaa), this is because it is considered to be a kind of inspiration and good tidings from Allaah to the believers who see them or concerning whom they were seen. The prophet – Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace– said:
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سِيرِينَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم
إِذَا اقْتَرَبَ الزَّمَانُ لَمْ تَكَدْ تَكْذِبُ رُؤْيَا الْمُؤْمِنِ، وَرُؤْيَا الْمُؤْمِنِ جُزْءٌ مِنْ سِتَّةٍ وَأَرْبَعِينَ جُزْءًا مِنَ النُّبُوَّةِ
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allaah's Messenger - sallaallahu alahyi wa sallam - said, "When the Day of Resurrection approaches, the dreams of a believer will hardly fail to come true, and a dream of a believer is one of forty-six parts of prophetism" - [Sahih Al-Bukhari: 7017]
As for bad dream then it is from shaytaan and it is referred to as Hulm as opposed to good dreams (Ruuyaa), according to Ibn Hajar in Fathul, Al-Qādi Abu Bakr ibn Arabi said: "dreams are reflections which Allaah instill in a person's mind upon the hands of the angels and the shayateen" [Fathul Baari: 12/442].
And according to Ibn Sireen –Rahimahullah–, dreams are of three (3) types:
قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَأَنَا أَقُولُ هَذِهِ قَالَ وَكَانَ يُقَالُ الرُّؤْيَا ثَلاَثٌ حَدِيثُ النَّفْسِ، وَتَخْوِيفُ الشَّيْطَانِ، وَبُشْرَى مِنَ اللَّهِ، فَمَنْ رَأَى شَيْئًا يَكْرَهُهُ فَلاَ يَقُصُّهُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ، وَلْيَقُمْ فَلْيُصَل
Muhammad bin Sireen said, "But I say this." He said, "It used to be said, 'There are three types of dreams: The reflection of one's thoughts and experiences one has during wakefulness, what is suggested by shaytaan to frighten the dreamer, or glad tidings from Allaah. So, if someone has a dream which he dislikes, he should not tell it to others, but get up and offer a prayer." - [Sahih al-Bukhari: 7017]
And the etiquettes to be observed when one sees a bad dream is as reported above; refuge should be sought from its evil and it should not be narrated to anyone. And also from the guidance of Rasul –Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace– in this is what Imam Muslim has reported in his sahih on the authority of Abu Salama:
عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَرَى الرُّؤْيَا أُعْرَى مِنْهَا غَيْرَ أَنِّي لاَ أُزَمَّلُ حَتَّى لَقِيتُ أَبَا قَتَادَةَ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ
الرُّؤْيَا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَالْحُلْمُ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ فَإِذَا حَلَمَ أَحَدُكُمْ حُلْمًا يَكْرَهُهُ فَلْيَنْفُثْ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ ثَلاَثًا وَلْيَتَعَوَّذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شَرِّهَا فَإِنَّهَا لَنْ تَضُرَّهُ
Abu Salama reported:
"I used to see dreams (and was so much perturbed) that I began to quiver and have temperature, but did not cover myself with a mantle. I met Abu Qatadah and made a mention of that to him. He said: I heard Allaah's Messenger as saying: "A good vision (ruuyaa) comes from Allaah and a bad dream (hulm) from devil. So when one of you sees a bad dream (hulm) which he does not like, he should spit on his left side thrice and seek refuge with Allaah from its evil; then it will not harm him"" – [Sahih Muslim: 2261a]
Also the prophet –Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace– recommended the following supplication for when one is frightened during sleep:
أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّةِ مِنْ غَضَبِهِ وَعِقَابِهِ وَشَرِّ عِبَادِهِ وَمِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ
'(A`ūdhu bikalimātillāhit-tāmmati min ghaḍabihī wa `iqābihī wa sharri `ibādih, wa min hamazātish-shayāṭīn wa an yaḥḍurūn)'
'I seek refuge in Allaah’s Perfect Words from His anger, His punishment, and the evil of His creatures, from the whisperings of the Shayaateen, and that they should harm me.’ [Saheehu Tirmidhi 3/171]
And the last kind of dream from Ibn Sireen's interpretation is that which occurs as a projection of thoughts and experiences had during wakefulness, these are often mumbled and meaningless and the dreamer will hardly remember most parts of it when he wakes up. Al-Ihtilaam (erotic dream) often come under this category and at other times as hulm according to Al-Baghawi in Sharhu-Sunnah.
And concerning dream interpretation, the Shaykh successfully established that the interpreter could either be right or wrong with his interpretation, and there in no confusion regarding this with a lot of people because dreams are symbolic and few people are blessed with the knowledge of it's interpretation. But an aspect where there may be confusion is in its manifestation because of the misconception of reports about it, and this is why the shaykh was emphatic in his declaration that dream doesn't necessarily manifest according to whatever interpretation is given to it, rather it will manifest according to its accurate interpretation. And the shaykh successfully established this textually from the ahaadith of Ibn Abbas above and that of Waki' ibn 'Udus, and logically by the fact that seeking correct interpretation for dreams will be unnecessary if it will manifest according to whatever interpretation is given to its meaning, since this would require no knowledge about the meaning of dreams symbolism, then anyone would have been able to do it.
Once again my religion taught me that true dreams seen by believers is a portion from the forty-six (46) parts of prophethood, and that whoever interprets it can either be accurate or wrong, and that it is as if it is hanging down a bird's foot and will only manifest when it is spoken of, and only according to its correct interpretation.
And that ends the seventh lesson.
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