Translated by Aboo Aamir Ishaaq bn AbdirRaheem
Ibn KhalkÃ¢n said about his lineage: He was Abu AbdillÃ¢h bn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d Faraj bn JarÃ®r bn MÃ¢lik.
Al-KhatÃ®b Al-BaghdÃ¢dÃ® said: Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d became the Chief Justice for Al-Mu'tasim
then for Al-Waathiq. He was described with generosity, openhandedness, good
character and much of etiquette. It was only that he openly supported the creed
of the Jahmiyyah (that denies the Names and Attributes of AllÃ¢h); and he was
the one that pushed the SultÃ¢n to test the people with the statement of saying
the Qur'Ã¢n was created.
One of the poets praised him as thus:
'The Messenger of AllÃ¢h and the Caliphs are from us/and from us is
Ahmad bn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d.'
Then a poet replied the earlier poet thus:
'Say to those boastful on less beneficial deeds/who are heads of the
slaves on earth/The Messenger of AllÃ¢h and the Caliphs are from us/we denounce
the bastards among Banu IyÃ¢d/we will have no support if the/call of Ahmad bn AbÃ®
Du'Ã¢d is adhered to.'
He said: When that got to Ahmad bn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d he said: 'If not that I
fear for the consequence, I would inflict on this poet a punishment whose like
was not inflicted on anybody before.' Thus he forgave him.
Also Al-KhatÃ®b brought several reports with several chains from a group
of people indicating the generosity of Abu Du'Ã¢d so also his eloquence,
mannerism, forbearance, readiness to meet people's needs and high status with
Muhammad Al-MahdÃ® bn Al-WÃ¢thiq mentioned that a scholar entered one day
upon Al-WÃ¢thiq, he then said the Tasleem to him but Al-WÃ¢thiq did not
respond rather he said: 'AllÃ¢h sends greetings to you.' Then the man said: 'O
leader-of-the-believers, what a bad thing your trainer has done for you; AllÃ¢h
"When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what
is better than it, or (at least) return it equally." [An-NisÃ¢: 86].
(The man continued:) 'Why wouldn't you reply me in a better way or the
like of what I said to you?'
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d came in and said: 'O leader-of-the-believers, the man
seems a theologian.'
Al-WÃ¢thiq said: 'Engage him in a debate.'
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d said: 'O scholar, what do you say about the Qur'Ã¢n; was
it created or not?'
The scholar replied: 'You have not been just with me; the affair is
Abu Du'Ã¢d said: 'Go ahead.'
The Shaykh then said: 'This thing that you say; did the Messenger of AllÃ¢h
â€“ SallallÃ¢hu alayhi wa sallam â€“ know it? Did Abu Bakr, Umar, UthmÃ¢n and AlÃ®
know it, or didn't they?'
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d replied: 'They did not know it.'
The Shaykh continued: 'Therefore you know what they did not know?'
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d became ashamed and kept quiet.
Then he said: 'Okay I will say rather they knew it.'
The Shaykh said: 'Why didn't the people call people to it as you call
people today; why are you not satisfied with what brought them satisfaction?'
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d became ashamed again and kept quiet. Then Al-WÃ¢thiq
commanded that price should be got for the Shaykh; it was about four hundred DÃ®nÃ¢r.
But the Shaykh did not accept it.
Al-MuhtadÃ® said: 'My father then entered the house then he rested on
his back and began to repeat the statement of the Shaykh to himself: 'Why are
you not satisfied with what brought them satisfaction?' Then he released the
Shaykh and gave him about four hundred DÃ®nÃ¢r and asked him to go back to
his land but the Shaykh did not accept it.
With that, Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d fell before Al-WÃ¢thiq and since then he did
not test anybody with regard to the Qur'Ã¢n.'
Al-KhatÃ®b mentioned the story in his TÃ¢rÃ®kh with a chain that
contains some unknown people. He mentioned the story fully and there is some
Tha'lab composed from Abu HajjÃ¢j Al-A'rabÃ® that he said with regard to
Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d:
''You reversed the Deen O Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d/such that those who followed
you are in doubt/you thought the Word of your Lord to be created,/don't you
think you have to return to your Lord?/Speech of AllÃ¢h He revealed It with
Knowledge to JibrÃ®l then to the best of slaves/whoever meets the evening by
your door seeking hospitality/is like a person who finds himself with a farmer
without a provision/you have indeed gone beyond the bounds, O Ibn AbÃ® Du'Ã¢d,
with this your statement; verily I am a man from (Banu) IyÃ¢d.
His death occurred on Saturday seventh day to the end of the month of
Muharram of the year under discussion. It was his son, Al-AbbÃ¢s, that prayed
over him. He was buried in his house at Baghdad while he was about eighty years
old that day. AllÃ¢h inflicted him with stroke four years before his death such
that he later became a person lying on his bed and who could not move any part
of his body.
Somebody entered upon him and said: 'By AllÃ¢h, I have not come to visit
you as a sick person but to pass condolence of yourself to you and so that I
will praise AllÃ¢h that imprisons you in your body.'
Ibn KhalkÃ¢n went far in
his biography of Ibn Du'Ã¢d such that he praised him and mentioned his feats,
good deeds and was very exaggerative in doing so. He came with much of those
which is improper. He did not mention any of his misdeeds rather he mentioned
his debate with ImÃ¢m Ahmad in a very scanty manner; and that was the that trial
served as the foundation for other trials that came after, and the tribulation
that opened the door of other tribulations for the people.
Source: al-Bidaayah wa
an-Nihaayah of al-Imaam Ibn Katheer â€“ rahimahullaah.
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